How to Prevent and Treat Hyperpigmentation, Age Spots, and Other Forms of Skin Discoloration


Freckles. Spots of old age. Hepatic nodules. Areas of darkness. Baby bump cover. Melasma. Hyperpigmentation goes by various names, but they all refer to the same condition. This is a widespread skin condition that primarily affects females. Dark spots on the skin are also common among older males. Although it most frequently manifests on the face, chest, and hands, it can appear anywhere on the body. Hyperpigmentation has two leading causes: UV damage and hormonal imbalance. When estrogen levels drop, women are more prone to experience problems than men. Almost all of us have some distinguishing feature that was there from birth. But can the rest of them be avoided?

Freckles are hyperpigmentation marks that appear on fair-skinned persons after prolonged exposure to sunlight. They can be tiny and light or big and dark. Freckles can, either: Freckles or Ephelides, fade away throughout the winter, whereas lentigines get darker and stay that way year-round. While the spots themselves aren’t particularly concerning, the cumulative damage from sun exposure can be disastrous. Sun damage can have many noticeable symptoms, including a slackening of skin tone and a gradual increase in discoloration. The phrase “age spot” may be deceptive, but it’s true that these spots result from cumulative sun damage and tend to worsen with age. The patches are unrelated to age in any way. Actually, “sun spots” describes them better. Just as the liver has nothing to do with skin pigment or discoloration, the phrase “liver spot” is entirely misleading.

What causes these blemishes? Sunlight triggers melanin production by cells called “melanocytes” in the dermis. The more time we spend in the sun, our skin becomes darker. Hyperpigmentation occurs when the skin develops dark areas that do not lighten over time. Spots that are the wrong size, shape, or color should prompt a trip to the doctor for a checkup. Contrary to popular belief, skin cancer does not just develop in moles. Inspect any discoloration that is bluish or has sharp edges.

Regular brown sun spots can be removed with a short series of manageable steps and some persistence. You will see a change over time if you only follow these simple instructions. Over several months, your spots will gradually disappear. Since this is a lengthy process, it can be hard to see daily. Therefore, it is best to keep up with treatment without constantly examining one’s reflection. You will feel much better if you go about your regular skincare routine and stop thinking about it. It would be helpful to have a “before” picture if possible. A further photograph was taken simultaneously and in the same place a few months later. See how your skin evolves over a year by doing this every few months.

1. Exfoliation — Maintain a routine to help the skin absorb the serums and moisturizers. The epidermis is where hyperpigmentation first manifests itself. This is an essential part of getting well.

Second, using a substance designed to reduce melanin production constitutes treatment.

Third, use sunscreen daily, no matter the weather; skipping this step will render your entire treatment strategy useless.

Multiple strategies exist for dealing with solar spots. Sunscreens and vitamin C serums are excellent places to start for prevention. In a separate piece, we’ll talk about Vitamin C serums. Too much time in the sun as kids and young people means many of us will never be fully spot-free. Spots are inevitable if you’ve ever spent much time in the sun. Sun spots can be treated at any time. But it’s never too early to begin appropriate skin care to avoid them in the first place.


The laser could be the quickest and most convenient option. Some people have been left with persistent scarring despite undergoing at least 6-8 treatments over several weeks. Before laser treatment on your face, have the clinic apply a test patch in a hidden area.

Cryotherapy is likewise a viable alternative. At this point, we apply liquid nitrogen to the area, which freezes it solid. I successfully carry this out in my workplace under my esthetician’s license. With this technique, scarring is rare; treatment usually only takes a few office visits. Although the availability of skin facilities that provide this method has increased with the introduction of the “Cryoprobe,” it is still more expensive than laser treatments. If you’re curious about this, try looking for “Cryotherapy” or “Cryoprobe” in your area’s search results.

If you want to get rid of black spots on your skin, your only other alternative is topical products, which should only be used as spot treatments and never on the entire face or body. Any area of your face that you apply a skin-lightening gel to will get lighter, not just the dark spots. Because of this, your skin will still have an uneven tone and may even appear more blotchy after using a lightning product than it did before.

Hydroquinone, the active ingredient in many skin lighteners, has been around for half a century and is widely considered to be the most effective agent for minimizing skin discoloration. While there is debate about whether or not it is safe to use, there is no denying its efficacy when administered correctly. Rarely, patients who take hydroquinone may experience skin thickening in the treated areas or a bluish-brown discoloration of their skin. There is evidence from a few research suggesting it may cause cancer. This has not been demonstrated as of yet. Mild skin irritation is the most prevalent adverse reaction. Putting an end to your usage will fix this.

Over time, a 20% Azelaic Acid compound is as effective as 2% Hydroquinone. It may take longer for Azelaic Acid-containing products to show results. Studies have shown that retinoids and retinol (both types of vitamin A) help create collagen in the skin and reduce dark spots, thanks to their exfoliating capabilities.

This skin problem is complicated to treat. Most customers have trouble waiting the necessary period for skin lighteners to work. People who use the product religiously for a few weeks but then stop applying it will eventually complain that it does not work. They would be correct; it takes more than a couple of weeks to notice a difference. However, with consistent application, you can “lighten” or “bleach” the skin by decreasing the melanin it generates in certain regions.

Products ranging from hydroquinone, an aggressive chemical, to more natural, preventative compounds were selected for our shop. Lightening products can be found by clicking “Shop by Product Type” and “Lightening Products.”

Acorn Body Care, Inc.’s President and licensed Esthetician, Marie Black. She’s helped thousands of people with their skin, from acne to hyperpigmentation. She has personally selected a range of the most effective anti-aging skin care products now available in the professional spa industry. Her creations at are 100 percent organic and free of synthetic dyes and perfumes. If you have specific questions about the best skin treatment, you can email the staff through the website.

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